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Peugeot was a family business created in 1810 and producing coffee mills and bicycles. The first car was produced in 1891.
The Peugeot lion logo was only created in 1947 by jeweller Justin Blazer. The lion refers to the flag of the French region Franche-Comté where the Peugeot company was originally based.
Peugeot in history
Peugeot started very early with the production of automotive vehicles. The first cars were three-wheeled and steam-powered. As the engines were very heavy, a change to petrol-powered four-wheel vehicles were introduced. The first Peugeot cars were given ‘Type’ numbers.
Peugeot was the first car manufacturer to start using rubber tyres to its cars and built its own engine in 1896. This 8 hp engine was fitted to the Type 15. These first cars still very much looked like carriages without the horse though. However before the end of the century, the engines moved to the front on the Type 48 and were placed underneath a hood. In addition steering wheel was added to the cars.
By 1903, Peugeot produced half of the French-built cars. Before World War I, Peugeot produced 10 000 cars.
During the 1930’s Peugeot put the 202, 302 and 402 on the road. Especially the first was very important to boost company sales in 1939. After production being suspended during World War II, Peugeot started producing cars again after 1944. The first model to reappear was the 202.
Sales records were beaten with the Peugeot 203 which was the first model to be equipped with coil springs and hydraulic brakes. The 203 remained in production until 1960.
The Peugeot numbers used as the model name plates, were first introduced with the 201. The first number indicates the type of vehicle and its size compared to the rest of the offer. The 0 connects the first and last number. The latter designating the model’s generation.
In 1974 Peugeot bought 30% of Citroën and completely took over in 1975. The two brands were joined together under PSA (Peugeot Société Anonyme). Both keep their own identities though.
Recent years saw the closure of the British Coventry-based Peugeot factory. The decision resulted in the loss of more than 7 000 jobs. The last British-built Peugeot 206 was produced on 12 December 2006.
Peugeot in sport
Peugeot participated very early on in various rallies starting with the 1894 Paris-Rouen Rally in which it came second and the 1895 Paris-Bordeaux Rally also taking second place with an average speed of 12.9mph.